Salary Structure

UNICAL Non-Academic Staff Salary Structure In Nigeria

The University of Calabar (UNICAL) stands as one of Nigeria’s prominent educational institutions, renowned for its academic excellence and contributions to knowledge. However, a critical issue shadows its success—the precarious state of the salary structure for non-academic staff. This matter not only affects the livelihoods of dedicated individuals but also has broader implications for the university’s overall functionality and Nigeria’s talent retention.

Understanding the Salary Structure:

The salary structure for non-academic staff at UNICAL is nuanced, varying based on position and experience. At the entry level, employees earn a basic salary ranging from N100,000 to N150,000 per month—figures notably lower than the cost of living in the relatively expensive city of Calabar. Even with years of service, salary increments are often marginal, with a 10-year veteran potentially earning just N200,000 to N250,000 per month. Although additional allowances such as housing and transport are provided, they seldom compensate for the inadequacies in the basic salary.

Challenges Faced by Non-Academic Staff:

The repercussions of this salary crisis are far-reaching:

  1. Attrition and Difficulty in Retention: The meager salaries make it challenging for UNICAL to attract and retain qualified non-academic staff. Many opt for opportunities in other universities or the private sector where more competitive remuneration awaits.
  2. Morale and Job Dissatisfaction: The low salary structure leads to poor morale among non-academic staff, fostering job dissatisfaction. This, in turn, can negatively impact the quality of services provided to students and the broader university community.
  3. Contributing to Brain Drain: The exodus of skilled non-academic staff from UNICAL and, more broadly, Nigeria, contributes to the brain drain phenomenon, depleting the country of valuable expertise.

Proposed Solutions:

Addressing the salary structure problem requires a multi-faceted approach:

  1. University Administration Initiatives: UNICAL’s administration should take proactive steps to increase the salaries of non-academic staff. Additionally, providing enhanced benefits like improved housing and transportation allowances can contribute to employee satisfaction.
  2. Government Financial Assistance: Recognizing the vital role UNICAL plays in the nation’s education system, the government should provide financial assistance to the university. This support can be earmarked specifically for improving the salaries of non-academic staff.
  3. Negotiations through Unions: Non-academic staff unions should engage in constructive negotiations with the university administration. Collaborative efforts can lead to a more equitable and competitive salary structure that benefits both employees and the institution.


Addressing the salary crisis for non-academic staff at UNICAL is not just a matter of financial remuneration; it’s an investment in the sustainability and growth of the university and, by extension, Nigeria’s educational landscape. By fostering a conducive working environment through fair compensation, UNICAL can retain its talented workforce and continue its mission of academic excellence.

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