Salary Structure

Salary Structure Of University Lecturers In Nigeria

University lecturers in Nigeria play a crucial role in the country’s education system, shaping the minds of future leaders and contributing to academic research and development. Their compensation, however, has been a topic of much debate and discussion. This article provides a comprehensive overview of the salary structure of university lecturers in Nigeria, highlighting various factors that influence their earnings.

Overview of the Nigerian University System

Nigeria’s university system consists of federal, state, and private institutions. The federal universities are funded by the federal government, state universities by state governments, and private universities by private individuals or organizations. Each type of university has its own salary structure, although there are commonalities across the board.

Basic Salary Structure for University Lecturers In Nigeria

The salary structure for university lecturers in Nigeria is based on the Consolidated University Academic Salary Structure (CONUASS). The CONUASS is divided into different levels, ranging from Lecturer II to Professor. Each level has a corresponding salary scale that determines the basic salary of lecturers.

Lecturer II (CONUASS 3)

  • Entry-level position for PhD holders or experienced Master’s degree holders.
  • Basic Salary Range: ₦1,649,509 – ₦1,979,640 per annum.

Lecturer I (CONUASS 4)

  • Requires several years of teaching experience and significant academic achievements.
  • Basic Salary Range: ₦1,979,640 – ₦2,300,560 per annum.

Senior Lecturer (CONUASS 5)

  • A mid-level academic position requiring substantial research and teaching experience.
  • Basic Salary Range: ₦3,091,505 – ₦4,455,506 per annum.

Associate Professor (Reader) (CONUASS 6)

  • A senior academic position just below full professorship.
  • Basic Salary Range: ₦4,580,349 – ₦6,020,163 per annum.

Professor (CONUASS 7)

  • The highest academic rank, requiring extensive research, publications, and teaching experience.
  • Basic Salary Range: ₦6,020,163 – ₦8,064,512 per annum.

Allowances and Benefits

In addition to the basic salary, university lecturers in Nigeria are entitled to various allowances and benefits, which significantly augment their total earnings.

Responsibility Allowance

This is given to lecturers who hold administrative positions such as Head of Department, Dean, or Director.

Hazard Allowance

This allowance compensates for the risks associated with the academic profession.

Research Allowance

Lecturers receive this allowance to support their research activities.

Housing Allowance

Lecturers are entitled to a housing allowance to cover accommodation expenses.

Other Allowances

  • Medical Allowance
  • Transport Allowance
  • Leave Allowance

Salary Disparities and Challenges

Despite the structured salary system, there are disparities in the actual salaries paid by different universities. Federal universities generally pay higher salaries compared to state and private universities. Moreover, the economic situation in the country and funding challenges often lead to delays in salary payments, strikes, and other industrial actions by lecturers demanding better pay and working conditions.

Recent Developments

In recent years, there have been ongoing negotiations between the Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU) and the federal government regarding salary increments and improved working conditions. These negotiations have led to periodic adjustments in the salary structure, although disputes and strikes remain common.

FAQs about University Lecturers’ Salaries in Nigeria

What is the starting salary for a university lecturer in Nigeria?

The starting salary for a university lecturer (Lecturer II) in Nigeria is approximately ₦1,649,509 per annum.

Do university lecturers receive any additional allowances?

Yes, university lecturers receive various allowances, including responsibility, hazard, research, housing, medical, transport, and leave allowances.

Are there differences in salaries between federal and state universities?

Yes, federal universities generally offer higher salaries compared to state universities, primarily due to better funding from the federal government.

What are the main challenges affecting lecturers’ salaries in Nigeria?

The main challenges include disparities in salary payments across different universities, delays in salary payments, and frequent strikes due to unresolved disputes between lecturers and the government.

Has there been any recent change in the salary structure for university lecturers?

Yes, there have been periodic adjustments in the salary structure following negotiations between the Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU) and the federal government, although disputes and strikes still occur.


The salary structure of university lecturers in Nigeria is designed to reward academic qualifications, experience, and contributions to research and teaching. Despite the structured system, challenges such as salary disparities, delayed payments, and frequent industrial actions persist. Continuous dialogue and negotiations are essential to ensure that lecturers receive fair compensation for their critical role in the education sector.

Also Read: Salary Structure Of University Non-Academic Staff In Nigeria [FULL DETAILS]

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