Salary Structure

Doctors’ Salary in Nigeria

Embarking on a medical career in Nigeria is not only a noble pursuit but also a financially rewarding one. The medical profession stands as one of the most respected and profitable fields globally, promising substantial salaries and job security. In this article, we delve into the intricacies of doctor salaries in Nigeria, exploring the variations, additional bonuses, and the structured salary system that governs this esteemed profession.

The medical profession in Nigeria offers a lucrative income, with the potential for substantial earnings. However, it’s important to note that not all doctors receive the same salary, as various factors influence compensation. Private sectors and hospitals differ significantly from government hospitals in terms of remuneration. On average, a doctor in Nigeria earns around ₦380,000 per month, though this figure can vary based on experience, specialization, and work setting.

In addition to their base salary, doctors in Nigeria often receive extra payments such as commissions, profit sharing, cash bonuses, and tips. These additional earnings can amount to an average of ₦200,000 per month, depending on factors such as rank, level of work, and overtime.

Salary Structure for Doctors in Nigeria

The salary structure for doctors in Nigeria is regulated by two main authorities: Consolidated Medical Salary Structure (CONMESS) for hospital-based doctors and Consolidated University Academic Structure (CONAUSS) for those in the academic sector.

  1. Housejob Doctor Salary: Fresh medical graduates are required to undergo a one-year house job, gaining practical experience in their field. On average, housejob doctors earn approximately ₦160,000 per month. However, this figure is subject to variations based on the hospitals and organizations they work with.
  2. NYSC Doctor Salary: After completing the house job, doctors proceed to the National Youth Service Corps Scheme (NYSC), where they receive an average salary of ₦50,000 per month. Similar to the housejob, this amount varies depending on factors such as the type of hospital and location.
  3. Post-NYSC Doctor’s Salary: Post-NYSC, doctors’ salaries differ based on the type of hospital. Government hospital doctors can earn around ₦220,000 per month, while those in private hospitals may receive an average of ₦120,000. Consultants and specialists, however, have the potential to earn up to ₦600,000 per month in private practice, whereas their counterparts in government hospitals may earn around ₦190,000.

Responsibilities of Doctors

Beyond financial considerations, the responsibilities of doctors are paramount. Their fundamental duties include:

  • Making assessments and diagnosing diseases based on patient symptoms.
  • Observing patient health and conducting necessary tests for accurate diagnoses.
  • Planning and implementing treatment courses to ensure patients lead healthy lives.
  • Prescribing medications and providing care for injuries and illnesses.


What is the average salary of a doctor in Nigeria?

The average salary of a doctor in Nigeria varies depending on the level of experience and the type of healthcare facility. On average, a medical doctor can earn between NGN 200,000 to NGN 500,000 per month. However, specialists and consultants can earn significantly more, ranging from NGN 700,000 to NGN 1,500,000 monthly.

How does the salary of doctors in public hospitals compare to those in private hospitals?

Doctors in public hospitals generally earn less compared to their counterparts in private hospitals. Public hospital salaries are structured according to government pay scales, which tend to be lower. In contrast, private hospitals may offer higher salaries and additional benefits to attract and retain medical professionals.

Are there differences in salaries based on the region of practice within Nigeria?

Yes, there are regional differences in doctors’ salaries within Nigeria. Doctors working in major cities like Lagos and Abuja often receive higher salaries compared to those in rural areas or less economically developed regions. The cost of living and the demand for healthcare services in urban centers contribute to these disparities.

What additional benefits do doctors in Nigeria typically receive?

Besides their base salary, doctors in Nigeria may receive various benefits, including housing allowances, transportation allowances, health insurance, and performance bonuses. Those working in public hospitals might also enjoy pension schemes and other government-provided benefits. Private hospitals may offer more competitive benefits packages to attract top talent.

How do experience and specialization affect a doctor’s salary in Nigeria?

Experience and specialization significantly impact a doctor’s salary in Nigeria. Entry-level doctors, such as house officers and medical officers, earn lower salaries compared to experienced consultants and specialists. Specialists in high-demand fields like surgery, cardiology, and neurology tend to earn higher salaries due to their advanced skills and the critical nature of their services.


Embarking on a medical career in Nigeria offers both financial rewards and the opportunity to contribute significantly to society. Understanding the nuanced salary structures and responsibilities within the medical profession provides aspiring doctors with valuable insights into their future careers.

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