Salary Structure

Medical Doctors’ Salary Structure In Nigeria (2024)

In the intricate web of healthcare, medical doctors stand as pillars of support, providing crucial care to the sick and injured. However, the compensation they receive in Nigeria often falls short of reflecting the extensive education and training required for their profession. In this article, we delve into the salary structure of medical doctors in Nigeria in 2023, shedding light on the Consolidated Medical Salary Structure (CONMESS) that determines their earnings. Additionally, we explore the factors influencing their pay and contemplate the uncertain future of their salaries in the nation.

The backbone of medical doctors’ compensation in Nigeria lies in the Consolidated Medical Salary Structure (CONMESS). This standardized pay scale dictates the salaries of medical and dental officers within the federal public service, distributing them across 17 levels. Each level corresponds to a distinct degree of responsibility and experience, shaping the financial landscape for these healthcare professionals.

As of 2023, the basic salary of a medical doctor in Nigeria spans from N190,000 to N600,000 per month, contingent on their position within the CONMESS hierarchy. Beyond the basic salary, medical practitioners also receive various allowances, including housing, transport, and hazard allowances, further influencing their overall income.

Factors Shaping Doctors’ Salaries

Several determinants come into play when assessing the income of medical doctors in Nigeria. Notably, their level of experience, the nature of the hospital they serve, and their geographic location all contribute to the final figure on their paycheck.

For instance, doctors working in government hospitals generally earn less than their counterparts in private institutions. Moreover, those situated in urban areas often command higher salaries compared to their rural counterparts. This intricate interplay of factors creates a dynamic salary landscape for medical professionals in the country.

Looking ahead, the future of medical doctors’ salaries in Nigeria hangs in the balance. Ongoing considerations for reforms to the CONMESS salary scale add an element of uncertainty to the financial future of these healthcare providers.

While reforms could potentially translate into salary increases for medical doctors, the timeline for implementation remains unclear. The outcome might see salaries holding steady, experiencing growth, or even facing a decline. As the government navigates these potential reforms, medical professionals must stay vigilant and proactive in understanding the changes that may unfold in their compensation structure.


What is the average salary of a medical doctor in Nigeria in 2024?

The average salary of a medical doctor in Nigeria in 2024 ranges from ₦150,000 to ₦400,000 per month, depending on factors such as level of experience, specialization, and the type of healthcare institution they work for. Junior doctors typically earn closer to the lower end of this range, while senior consultants and specialists can earn significantly more.

How does the salary of medical doctors in public hospitals compare to those in private hospitals in Nigeria?

Medical doctors in public hospitals often have a standardized salary structure based on government scales, which generally offers job security and benefits but may be lower than the potential earnings in private hospitals. In private hospitals, salaries can be higher due to market-driven pay scales, though this can vary widely depending on the hospital’s financial capacity and location.

Are there additional financial incentives for medical doctors working in rural areas of Nigeria?

Yes, medical doctors working in rural areas of Nigeria often receive additional financial incentives, such as rural or hardship allowances, to encourage them to serve in these underserved locations. These incentives can vary but are intended to make rural postings more attractive by supplementing the basic salary.

What are the salary prospects for medical specialists compared to general practitioners in Nigeria?

Medical specialists in Nigeria typically earn higher salaries compared to general practitioners. Specialists have undergone additional training and certification in a specific field of medicine, which commands a premium due to their expertise and the demand for specialized care. This results in significantly higher earning potential for specialists.

How does experience affect the salary of medical doctors in Nigeria?

Experience significantly impacts the salary of medical doctors in Nigeria. Newly graduated doctors, or house officers, usually earn the least. As doctors gain more years of experience and progress through residency and into senior medical officer or consultant roles, their salaries increase substantially. Additionally, experienced doctors may have opportunities for additional income through private practice, consultancy, or academic roles.


In the intricate dance of healthcare provision, medical doctors in Nigeria play a central role. However, their compensation journey is marked by complexities influenced by factors ranging from experience to geographic location. The evolving landscape of the CONMESS salary structure adds another layer of uncertainty to their financial future. As we navigate through 2023 and beyond, the fate of medical doctors’ salaries in Nigeria remains a topic of anticipation and reflection.

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