Salary Structure

State High Court Salaries In Nigeria

The salaries and allowances of judges at the State High Courts in Nigeria are a significant aspect of the judiciary, impacting the quality and efficiency of judicial services. The remuneration of judges is critical to ensuring an independent and incorruptible judiciary, which is fundamental to the rule of law and democracy. This article delves into the structure, components, and recent updates regarding the salaries of State High Court judges in Nigeria.

Structure of Judicial Salaries in Nigeria

Judicial salaries in Nigeria are structured according to the Judicial Officers’ Salaries and Allowances Act, which sets the pay for judges at various levels. The National Judicial Council (NJC) oversees the administration and distribution of these salaries, ensuring that they adhere to statutory guidelines.

Components of the Salary Package

The salary package for State High Court judges typically includes:

  1. Basic Salary: The core salary amount that a judge receives.
  2. Allowances: Additional financial benefits provided to judges, which may include housing, transportation, healthcare, and other stipends.
  3. Pensions: Post-retirement benefits that judges are entitled to after serving for a specified period.

Current Salary Scale

As of the most recent updates, the basic monthly salary for State High Court judges in Nigeria is around ₦1.8 million. This amount is subject to periodic reviews and adjustments based on economic conditions and inflation rates. The total annual package, inclusive of various allowances, can be significantly higher.

Allowances and Benefits

The allowances and benefits significantly boost the overall compensation of State High Court judges. These include:

  • Housing Allowance: Judges often receive a substantial housing allowance or are provided with government housing.
  • Vehicle Allowance: Judges are entitled to vehicle allowances to ensure their mobility needs are met.
  • Medical Allowance: Comprehensive health coverage is provided, covering judges and their immediate families.
  • Security Allowance: Due to the nature of their work, judges receive allowances for personal security.

Challenges and Controversies

Despite the structured salary packages, there have been challenges and controversies regarding the remuneration of judges. These include:

  • Delay in Payment: Instances of delayed salaries and allowances have been reported, affecting the morale and efficiency of judicial officers.
  • Inadequate Funding: Budgetary constraints at the state level sometimes lead to insufficient funding for the judiciary.
  • Calls for Increment: There have been persistent calls for salary increments to match inflation and ensure that the judiciary remains attractive to top legal minds.

In recent years, there have been moves to address these challenges. The NJC, along with other stakeholders, has been advocating for better funding and timely payment of salaries. In addition, there have been proposals to review and increase judicial salaries to reflect current economic realities.


What is the basic salary of a State High Court judge in Nigeria?

The basic monthly salary of a State High Court judge in Nigeria is approximately ₦1.8 million.

What allowances do State High Court judges receive?

State High Court judges receive various allowances, including housing, vehicle, medical, and security allowances.

Who oversees the payment of salaries to State High Court judges?

The National Judicial Council (NJC) oversees the administration and payment of salaries to State High Court judges in Nigeria.

Are there any recent changes in the salaries of State High Court judges?

There have been ongoing discussions and proposals to review and increase the salaries of State High Court judges to reflect economic changes and inflation.

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