Salary Structure

Civil Engineers’ Salary in Nigeria (2023)

Civil engineering stands as a prominent profession in Nigeria, offering engineers a blend of job security, career clarity, and various opportunities. In this post, we will delve into the average salaries of civil engineers in Nigeria, explore different sectors, and shed light on sub-specialties within civil engineering.

Average Salaries of Civil Engineers in Nigeria:

  1. Entry-Level Civil Engineers:
    • Range: N100,000 – N500,000
    • Factors: Varying levels, job specifications, and experience.

Sectors and Salary Ranges:

  1. Civil Engineers in Oil and Gas Industries:
    • Entry-level: N300,000 – N500,000
    • Factors: Job description, industry dynamics.
  2. Civil Engineers in Construction Industry:
    • Entry-level: N130,000 – N300,000
    • Factors: Company, job description, location.

Despite facing competition from other fields like Geology and Petroleum Engineering, civil engineering maintains significance in core sectors, including mining, oil and gas, and borehole industries.

Sub-specialties Under Civil Engineering:

  1. Materials Science and Engineering:

    • Focus: Fundamental properties of materials.
  2. Geotechnical Engineering:

    • Focus: Study of earth’s materials, rock, and soil properties.
  3. Coastal Engineering:

    • Focus: Management of coastal areas, addressing tides, flooding, and erosion.
  4. Structural Engineering:

    • Focus: Analysis of building structures, considering weight, loads, and natural forces.
  5. Construction Engineering:

    • Focus: Understanding construction processes for successful project execution.
  6. Environmental Engineering:

    • Focus: Study of practices to protect the environment, waste treatment.

Civil Engineering: Key Considerations:

  1. Broad Field:

    • Encompasses structural engineering and environmental engineering.
  2. Salaries:

    • Comfortable pay, though not the highest in the engineering profession.
  3. Job Opportunities:

    • Limited opportunities due to increased competition, leading to higher unemployment.
  4. Specialization:

    • Encouraged for better employment prospects and potential for increased pay.


Civil engineering remains a top and respected profession in Nigeria, offering a wide range of opportunities and specializations. While challenges such as increased competition exist, the field’s flexibility and diverse sub-areas make it an attractive choice for aspiring engineers. Further studies and specialization are emphasized for staying competitive in the evolving job market.

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