Salary Structure

Geologists’ Salary in Nigeria (2023)

Geology stands out as a captivating and lucrative field in the physical sciences, offering diverse career paths in Nigeria. Despite recent reductions in the number of professionals in the field, the demand for geologists is on the rise. This post delves into the salary ranges of geologists in various sectors in Nigeria, shedding light on the potential earnings and career opportunities for aspiring geologists.

Average Salary of a Geologist in Nigeria:

Geologists in Oil and Gas Industries:

The oil and gas sector is among the top-paying industries in Nigeria, with geologists playing a crucial role in the exploration process. Entry-level geologists in this sector can earn between N200,000 and N500,000, depending on factors such as job specification, company, and rank.

Geologists in Mining Industries:

Geologists in the mining industry, considered a backup option to oil and gas, can still earn a significant salary. Entry-level geologists in mining typically earn between N180,000 and N350,000, depending on job description, company, and location.

Geologists in Borehole Industries:

The borehole industry presents ample opportunities for geologists in Nigeria. While the pay may be lower compared to other sectors, many young geologists start their careers here. Entry-level geologists in the borehole industry can expect to earn between N80,000 and N180,000, influenced by factors such as company and experience.

Geologists in Construction Companies:

The construction sector, including road construction and building projects, also demands the expertise of geologists. Entry-level geologists in construction companies can earn between N120,000 and N300,000, depending on the company and job specification.

Diversified Opportunities for Geologists:

Apart from the aforementioned sectors, geologists find relevance in various fields, including environmental consultancy, groundwater industry, and freelance work. On average, geologists in Nigeria earn between N100,000 and N500,000 at the start of their careers.

Geology: A Dynamic and Broad Profession:

Geology, known for its adventurous nature, is a field that integrates well with other science and engineering disciplines. Geologists are not limited to offshore operations in the oil and gas sector; they collaborate with civil engineers and contribute to diverse projects, showcasing the versatility of the profession.

How to Become a Geologist in Nigeria:

To pursue a career in geology in Nigeria, aspiring individuals should follow these steps:

  1. Obtain Necessary Certifications: Secure the required SSCE certificate with at least a credit pass in major science courses. Admission to a university for a 4-5 year Geology program follows.
  2. National Youth Service Corps (NYSC): Complete the one-year NYSC service, ideally in a related firm, such as a construction or geological company.


Despite the challenges and increased competition, geology remains a highly significant and rewarding profession in Nigeria. Aspiring geologists can explore diverse sectors, contribute to various industries, and build successful careers with the right certifications and experiences.

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